New National Security Strategy approved in Ukraine


1242826 May. — Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko, with a decree N287/2015, approved the decision of the National Security and Defence Council (NSDC) on the National Security Strategy of Ukraine.
Key clauses of the strategy state that Russia has occupied part of Ukraine’s territory (Crimea and Sevastopol), unfolded aggression in Eastern Ukraine and is trying to destroy unity of the democratic world while avoiding punishment for abuse of military force. The document calls on to establish a new system of Ukraine’s national security.
Key goals of the strategy include:
— To reduce threats to sovereignty and create conditions for restoration of territorial integrity, a guarantee of peaceful future of Ukraine;
— Priority of human rights and freedoms, a new quality of economic, social and humanitarian development;
— EU integration and paving the way for NATO integration;
The strategy lists key threats to national security as follow:
— Aggressive Russia;
— Inefficient national security and defence;
— Corruption and inefficient public administration;
— Economic crisis, poor financial resources, low quality of life;
— A threat to economic security;
— A threat to information security; information war against Ukraine;
— A threat to cyber and IT security;
— A threat to critical infrastructure;
— A threat to environment.
The SNDC aims to regain Crimea and Sevastopol by 2020, restore navy infrastructure and lay the foundation for its development. These goals have to be reached with peaceful means, but with the help from the Army and volunteer units that have to be equipped with up-to-date weapon.
Ukraine will aim to reach full independence from Russia, including in energy, software and arms industry.
Recent days have already seen some developments in this direction. On 20 May, the Ukrainian government decided to scrap military and technical cooperation with Russia that lasted since 1993. This move has worsened the supply of Russian troops in the breakaway region of Transnistria.
Despite the problems of getting arms from European countries and the US, the strategy states that EU integration and ‘special partnership’ with NATO are still priorities that would improve climate of trust and security in Eastern Europe and the Black Sea region.
On a global level, Ukraine sees strategic cooperation with the US as a guarantee to international security in the Euro-Atlantic space.
The strategy also proposes for Ukraine to play a role in international nuclear disarmament and in agreeing a new international treaty that would specify guarantees, especially for non-nuclear states. This treaty should give a clear list of obligations and measures in case of its breaching.
Independent Ukrainian expert Sergey Paschenko says that the strategy matches views of military elites and warmongers. “The fact the President approved the document shows political tactics of the ‘party of war’ remains the same: there is a clear direction in legislative work toward a big conflict with Russia. The strategy is yet another example of what has been manifested in the act on martial law and in the introduction of military and civil administrations,” he explains in the interview with Europe Insight.

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